Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease caused by plaque. The bacteria infect the gums, which swell and bleed soon after infection. Gingivitis develops into periodontal disease if not treated early in advance. It's a very common type of dental disease, especially among older adults.
What causes gingivitis?
Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gingivitis. It fuels the formation of the plaque hence resulting in inflammation around the gum. Bad habits such as smoking are also associated with gingivitis infections as they inhibit gum tissues' self-repairing abilities. Hormonal changes and illness can cause gingivitis as well. Inadequate saliva leads to dry mouth due to bacteria present in the mouth leading to gingivitis.
Symptoms of gingivitis
Gingivitis is characterized by bleeding gums, red and swollen gums, persistent bad breath and bad taste in the mouth even after brushing my teeth, changes in the position of the teeth, and receding gums that expose the teeth more than they should.
Treatment of gingivitis
Treatment of the disease depends on the stage of the infection, and some might respond earlier while others take time. The key target in treatment is to reattach healthy gums to teeth, reduce swelling and alter the progression of the infection.
Prevention of gingivitis
Regular brushing of teeth and flossing at least twice a day are the fundamental preventive measures that ought to be undertaken. Always use a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride when brushing as soft bristles are gentle to gums, unlike the hard one, which damages gums, thus exposing them to bacterial infection. Rinse your mouth often with water to remove any remaining food particles.
Our dentist advises on quitting smoking as it's harmful to your teeth. Also, maintain a balanced diet and avoid junk foods as Sugary foods and drinks are not good for your dental health. Ensure you have regular check-ups in our clinics. We are proficient in cleaning and carrying out dental treatments. Our dentist will examine your oral conditions and ensure dental fitness. Call us now and book an appointment with us.
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