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How Pregnancy Affects Your Oral Health


Posted on 2/15/2024 by Weo Admin
smiling pregnant woman standing outside and holding her bellyPregnancy is a thrilling journey for any woman, yet changes can affect your health, including your oral well-being. Understanding these changes and maintaining proper oral hygiene are crucial for the health of you and your baby over the next 40 weeks.

Tooth Erosion


Morning sickness occurs in the first few months. This exposes your teeth to too much stomach acid, which can cause harm to the enamel. This, in turn, can increase the risk of cavities and decay.

Gingivitis


Gingivitis is a gum inflammation that can lead to severe gum disease if left untreated. During pregnancy, hormonal changes can increase the risk of gingivitis, with around 60 - 75 percent of pregnant women affected. Symptoms include tenderness, bleeding, and shiny gums.

Gum Disease


Periodontitis is a severe gum disease that results from untreated gingivitis. It causes an infection that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. This condition can result in loose teeth and may require extraction. Additionally, it can lead to bacteremia, which is a severe condition that requires immediate treatment. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain oral health during pregnancy, as periodontitis has been linked to low birth weight and premature birth.

Loose Teeth


The bones and tissues that hold your teeth in place become affected due to hormonal changes. High progesterone and estrogen levels can temporarily loosen these tissues and bones, resulting in loose teeth.

Granuloma


During pregnancy, some women may develop non-cancerous lumps on their gums. These red, raw-looking lumps usually appear in the second trimester and can be caused by excessive plaque buildup, but they are not harmful to your health. After giving birth, most postpartum granulomas usually subside, but in rare cases, you may need medical intervention to remove them.

Maintaining good dental hygiene during pregnancy is essential for oral health and ensuring the healthy development of your baby. Maintaining dental appointments during pregnancy will give you a stunning and healthy smile to welcome your baby.

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