Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

Gum disease is easily prevented and treated through Gum Therapy.

Periodontal disease can be a painless infection that affects the tissues and bone that support the teeth. Amazingly, periodontal disease is more common than heart disease, stroke, cancer and Alzheimer’s combined. The good news is that unlike those other diseases, periodontal disease is easily prevented and treated through periodontal therapy.

What causes Periodontal Disease?

Bacteria in plaque produces toxins and enzymes that irritate the gums and cause inflammation. The resulting inflammation causes the destruction of gum attachment and bone level. Periodontal disease slowly progresses until the gums and bone are seriously damaged. Untreated periodontal disease is a major cause of adult tooth loss.

Some factors that make periodontal disease more likely are:

  • Inadequate home care
  • Inconsistent professional cleanings
  • Genetics
  • Poorly fitting dental restorations
  • Clenching or grinding teeth
  • Diet
  • Systemic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure
  • Certain medications
  • Stress
  • Tobacco

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease:

  • Bleeding, tenderness, swelling and redness of the gums
  • Puss around teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Pain
  • Some people have no symptoms at all

 

The dangers of periodontal disease are more severe than just losing your teeth.

According to the American Medical Association, the toxins produced from the bacteria of gum disease cause plaque build-up in arteries and double the chances of heart disease and stroke. Women with periodontal disease are seven times more likely to have spontaneous premature births and low birth weight babies. There is also research to suggest that periodontal disease is a contributing factor for type II diabetes.

Equally alarming are the results of new research that show the brains of Alzheimer patients can be infected with the same germs known to cause gum disease.

Undiagnosed and untreated gum disease is a major obstacle to optimal health for a large percentage of the population. Fortunately, modern dental medicine has the solution. Proper treatment of periodontal infection has been shown to lower your risk of developing heart disease, stroke, low birth weight babies, and possibly even Alzheimer’s.

Treatment for Periodontal Disease

Initial exam with a dental hygienist

  • Diagnosing the severity of the disease by accurately probing the tissues and recording pocket depths and bleeding areas.
  • Removal of the tartar and plaque above the gums to stimulate the body’s immune system.
  • Digital X-rays to determine bone loss and presence of tartar

Subsequent treatments by a hygienist

Scaling and root planing (SRP)

  • Each session scheduled 2 to 3 weeks apart to allow healing
  • Reduce the bacteria in the pockets around all teeth from billions to hundreds with the laser.
  • Remove the hard plaque (tartar) in one specific area using an ultrasonic and hand scaling.
  • Use the laser to remove the infected tissue on the inside of the pockets
  • Irrigate infected areas to remove the dead tissue and bacteria.
  • Placing antibiotics if necessary
  • Oral hygiene instructions

Lasers

A laser is an instrument that produces a very narrow, intense beam of light energy that may or may not be visible to the human eye. When laser light comes in contact with soft tissue it causes a reaction. The beam of light produced by the laser has the ability to remove or shape soft gum tissues. Laser treatments may be more comfortable than treatment with conventional instruments.

  • Laser reduces the bacteria in the pockets from billions to hundreds.
  • It specifically removes infected tissue while stimulating the non-infected tissue.
  • Healing occurs six times quicker due to the increase in circulation promoted by the laser.
  • With low bacterial counts, infected tissue removed, and an increase in circulation, the progress of periodontal disease is stabilized.